The Quantitative Effect of Noise and Object Diameter on Low-Contrast Detectability of AAPM CT Performance Phantom Images

E. Setiawati, C. Anam, W. Widyasari, G. Dougherty


Parameters for determining computed tomography (CT) image quality include noise and low-contrast detectability. Studies on low-contrast detectability using the AAPM CT performance phantom have several limitations, such as the absence of quantitative information on the effect of noise and object size on low-contrast detectability. In this study, the quantitative effect of noise and object diameter on low-contrast detectability were investigated. Images of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) CT performance phantom model 610 were acquired with a tube voltage of 120 kV and tube currents of 50, 100, 150, and 200 mA. The low-contrast section of the AAPM CT performance phantom model 610 has objects with diameters between 2.5 and 7.5 mm. We analysed the mean CT number, noise level, signal-to noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), acquired using MatLab software. The results obtained indicate that noise and object size affect low-contrast detectability. The CNRs increase linearly with increasing of object diameter with R2 of 0.88, 0.67, 0.75, and 0.83 for tube currents of 50, 100, 150 and 200 mA, respectively.


Low-contrast detectability; Noise; Object diameter; SNR; CNR

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